Here's the report:
Changes targeting the social or physical workplace environment have some positive effects on work-related outcomes —- but at least so far, evidence doesn't support a combination of the two approaches, a new report concludes.
- Social changes such as group motivational interviews led to improved work task performance, while the
- physical change such as establishing specific areas for quiet work, meetings, and recreation was associated with employees being more fully concentrated and immersed in work tasks.
- social changes, including group motivational interviews to promote physical activity and relaxation;
- physical changes, such as different workplace zones for quiet work, meetings, and recreation; or
- a combination of social and physical changes.
- Social intervention led to improved work task performance, while the
- physical intervention was associated with improved "absorption" (being fully concentrated and immersed in work tasks).
- Combined intervention actually had small reductions in job dedication and contextual performance (additional activities that contribute to the organizational environment).
Click on image
There's growing interest in making changes in the work environment to promote employee health and productivity. It has been suggested that combining interventions to alter the social and physical environment might have a greater impact.
But according to these researchers, the social and physical environmental interventions evaluated in the study "demonstrated limited effectiveness" in improving work-related outcomes.
Story Source: Jennifer K. Coffeng, Ingrid J. M. Hendriksen, Saskia F. A. Duijts, Jos W. R. Twisk, Willem van Mechelen, Cécile R. L. Boot. Effectiveness of a Combined Social and Physical Environmental Intervention on Presenteeism, Absenteeism, Work Performance, and Work Engagement in Office Employees. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 2014.